Causes of African Problems: The United States
- The US supported the FNLA and UNITA, Savimbi and South Africa
with arms and money against the socialist ruling party NPLA led by
Neto and Dos Santos and supported by the USSR and Cuba in a
destructive civil war. US oil companies obtained cheap oil in
exchange for arms.
- Burkina Faso
- The US shunned early socialist governments, leading to economic
- The US did little about the 1993-4 war, genocidal massacres and
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire)
- The US supported King Leopold of Belgium and brutal Belgian
colonialism. The CIA helped murder outspoken leader Patrice Lumumba
and bring to power dictator Mobutu Sese Seko. The US supported
Mobutu for 30 years as he robbed the country of oil, diamonds and
minerals, destroyed the country's infrastructure, and allowed US
military presence for intervention in other conflicts.
- Equatorial Guinea
- The US denied the Eritrean people's desire for an independent
state because of its strategic location in the gulf. The US
supplied arms to Ethiopia to fight against Eritrea's bid for
- The US supported Emperor Haile Selassie's conservative
dictatorship and helped Ethiopia build the largest army in Africa.
The US did little to prevent mass starvation in the 1980s. The US
supplied arms to Somalia in the war against socialist Ethiopia and
Haile Mariam in the 1980s.
- The Gambia
- The US isolated Sekou Toure for being socialist, leading to
economic ruin of a relatively prosperous country.
- Ivory Coast
- The US supported conservative leader Felix Houphouet-Boigny,
who built an enormous cathedral in his home town and built western
cities at the expense of the rest of the population.
- The US supported conservative dictator Daniel arap Moi, who was
responsible for widespread corruption and suppression of opposition
and human rights.
- For over 100 years, black American settlers colonised Liberia
and treated the indigenous Africans poorly. The US strongly
supported Samuel Doe's vicious dictatorship during the 1980s. The
US helped drag out the civil war against Charles Taylor by several
years during the early 1990s.
- The US bombed Libya in the 1980s for the explosion of a plane
in Scotland, and the US sanctioned Libya because radical leader
Moamar Kadafi would not extradite the bombing suspects.
- The US supported conservative dictator Hastings Banda, who
remained in power for over 30 years.
- The US supported conservative dictator King Hassan II.
- The US supported Renamo and South Africa with arms and money in
a 1980s civil war against the socialist ruling party Frelimo that
led to the assassination of the leader Samora Machel and destroyed
- The US supported Jonas Savimbi and UNITA, and the Apartheid
policies of South Africa, against Sam Nujoma and socialist party
SWAPO's independence efforts in the 1970s and 1980s.
- The US oil companies received cheap oil under military rulers,
despite their corruption and their detention and murders of
opposition leaders such as Ken Saro-Wiwa and Moshood and Kudirat
- The US did little to prevent the genocide of hundreds of
thousands of Tutsis in 1994.
- Sao Tome and Principe
- The US supported conservative pro-West leader Leopold
- Sierra Leone
- The US supplied arms and fought against Islam and communism in
the civil war in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
- South Africa
- The US supported and invested heavily in the white racist
Apartheid regime of the National Party, led by P. W. Botha in the
1980s. The US opposed the socialist African National Congress led
by Nelson Mandela, who was in prison until 1990.
- The US supplied arms in support of the southern anti-Islamic
rebels in the civil war.
- The US supported the conservative, pro-Apartheid monarchy.
- The US isolated president Julius Nyerere for his socialist,
anti-Apartheid policies. The country was led to economic ruin.
- The US supported Gnassingbe Eyadema's long conservative
dictatorship despite suppression of the opposition and elections
that clearly showed his unpopularity.
- The US supported the two notoriously murderous dictators Milton
Obote and Idi Amin.
- Western Sahara
- The US supported Moroccan King Hassan II and his expensive
20-year military occupation of Western Sahara against the Polisario
and its allies Algeria and the USSR. US support allowed Morocco to
construct and maintain a thousand-mile wall of sand near the
Western Sahara borders and force the country's occupants to remain
refugees in Algeria.
- The US shunned Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia for his anti-Apartheid
policies and support of the ANC and SWAPO. Zambia's economy was
ruined in supporting the anti-Apartheid struggle.
- The US supported white-ruled Rhodesia until independence and
was against president Robert Mugabe until he became conservative
and pro-West and dropped his Marxist rhetoric and socialist